Fire Hose

A fire hose is a high-pressure hose used to extinguish fires, usually it carries a fire retardant such as water or foam to a fire in order to extinguish it. Often, the fire hose will be attached either to a fire engine or a fire hydrant or otherwise it may be attached to a building's standpipe or plumbing system.
 

An essential link in the chain…

Fire hoses have evolved through time and have always remained an essential tool for effective firefighting. Manufacturers now use a variety of natural and synthetic fabrics and elastomers in their construction, these materials allow the hoses to be stored wet without rotting and resist to the damaging effects of sunlight and chemicals. Modern fire hoses are also much lighter which greatly helps reduce physical strain on those fighting fires.

Regular maintenance on all firefighting equipment is essential to assuring that it will be ready to use when called upon, you don't want a weak link in the chain when fighting fires.

Of course, fire hoses should be cleaned and drained after each use. Each hose should also be inspected for damage it may have received during usage. Specifically you are looking for any nicks or cracks in its outer jacket that could result in a rupture when under pressure. Hose couplings, "O" rings and threads should also be checked for damage and replaced when damaged. All hoses, regardless of usage, should be pressure-tested periodically to certify the fire hoses structural integrity.

There exists different types of fire hoses and they are all used for specific purposes

Smaller diameter or attack hoses are between 38 mm (1.5 in) and 76 mm (3.0 in) inside diameter. The size makes them perfect to be used as attack lines, also sometimes referred to as hand lines. They retain their flexibility when charged and are manageable by a team of two or three firefighters as they move through a building. They are designed to operate at pressures up to about 400 psi. The standard length is 15.3 m (50 ft.).
Larger diameter or supply and relay hoses measure between 89 mm (3.5 in.) and 127 mm (5.0 in.) in diameter, they are fabric-covered, flexible hoses used to bring water from a distant hydrant to the fire pumper or to relay water from one pumper to another over a long distance. When charged, these lines are often extremely heavy to move and very difficult to bend around corners. They are designed to operate at pressures up to about 300 psi for the smaller diameters and up to 200 psi for the larger diameters. The standard length is 30.6 m (100 ft.).
The booster hose, which comes in 19 mm (0.75 in) and 25 mm (1.0 in) nominal inside diameters, is a rubber-covered, thick-walled, flexible hose used to fight small fires. These hoses retain their round shape and are stored on large reels fixed to the apparatus. A booster hose is designed to operate at pressures up to 800 psi. The standard length is 30.6 m (100 ft.).
The forestry hose, which comes in 25 mm (1.0 in.) and 38 mm (1.5 in.) nominal inside diameters is a fabric-covered, flexible hose used to fight fires in grass, brush, and trees where a lightweight hose is needed in order to manoeuvre it over rough terrain. Forestry hose is designed to operate at pressures up to about 450 psi. The standard length is 30.6 m (100 ft.).
Suction hoses, sometimes called hard suction, come in nominal inside diameter sizes ranging from 64 mm (2.5 in.) to 152 mm (6.0 in.), they are usually a rubber-covered, semi-rigid hose with internal metal reinforcements. They are used to suck water out of open bodies of water, such as lakes or streams, when there is no hydrant source nearby, by means of a vacuum. Because of the force of the vacuum the pumps create to draw water through the hoses, these hoses are reinforced so that they retain their round shape and do not collapse when used. Suction hose standard length is 3.1 m (10 ft.).

We have qualified technicians for all your fire hose needs, we offer innovative fire suppression systems that comply with necessary codes and we stay within your budget. We work closely with our clients to create fire protection systems that offer them the maximum in safety and effectiveness.

Our team looks forward to the opportunity to assist you with any of your fire protection needs. Our team will collaborate and work with you to find solutions to your specific applications. Please feel free to contact Crown Safety Systems Inc. about your residential, industrial or commercial fire protection needs.

Inspection Checklist

Fire Hose


The following are examples of inspection and maintenance that are generally required; they may not represent the requirements of your system. Inspections and maintenance requirements vary for many different reasons.

For more specific information, relating to inspection and maintenance requirements of your fire protection system. You can request a quote online now. If urgent, call (450) 699-1477 and a qualified technician will assist you.

It is highly recommended that qualified technicians perform your maintenance and inspection needs for obvious safety reasons


Weekly Recommended - In-house inspection
  • Visual inspection
  • Access to the hoses must be unobstructed.

Annual  Crown Safety Systems Inc. - NFPA 1962
  • Visual Inspection
  • System Testing
  • Maintenance
  • Records
  •   Report
  •   Certificate
  •   Tag

  • Notes
  • Inspect all hoses on an annual basis and discard them when they deteriorate.
  • Fire hoses must be protected from damage so they will be available in an emergency.
  • Cabinets or hose covers must be used to protect the hoses from weather, dirt, and possible damage.
  • A hose is considered deteriorated when it can no longer carry water at the required flow rate and pressure.
  • An annual new folding is to be done to prevent hose crimping.

 


Crown Safety Systems Inc.


656 St-Jean Baptiste, Mercier, Quebec,

450 699 1477
Toll free 1 888 699 1477
450 692 5050

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